DiagnostiCriteria.com | The weblog for medical diagnostic criteria and clinical practice guidelines

Prevention of post-lumbar puncture headaches


Major Recommendations

2000 Guideline
The quality of evidence ratings, I-III, and the strength of recommendations (Type A-Type E) are defined at the end of the "Major Recommendations" field.
  1. Class I and Class II data in the anesthesiology literature and either Class I or Class II data in the neurology series show that smaller needle size is associated with reduced frequency of post-lumbar puncture headache (PLPHA) (Type A). The actual choice of needle size will be influenced by balancing other considerations, such as ease of use, the need to measure pressures, and the flow rate, with the desire to prevent PLPHA.
  2. Class I data in the anesthesiology literature show that, when using a cutting needle, ensuring that the bevel direction is parallel to the dural fibers reduces the frequency of PLPHA. (Type A).
  3. Class I data using a noncutting needle show that replacement of the stylet before the needle is withdrawn is associated with lower frequency of PLPHA. (Type A).
  4. For spinal anesthesia, Class I data show that non-cutting needles reduce the frequency of PLPHA (Type A). However, for diagnostic lumbar punctures (LPs), the data are inconclusive.
  5. Class I and Class II data have not demonstrated that the duration of recumbency following a diagnostic lumbar puncture influences the occurrence of PLPHA.
  6. There is no evidence that the use of increased fluids prevents PLPHA.


2005 Addendum
Definitions of the classification of the recommendations (A, B, C, U) and classification of the evidence (Class I through Class IV) are provided at the end of the "Major Recommendations" field.
  1. New conclusion: Most studies in the anesthesiology literature, across several needle sizes, and now also one study providing Class I evidence in a patient population undergoing diagnostic lumbar punctures with a 22-gauge needle support the use of an atraumatic spinal needle to reduce the frequency of PLPHA (Type A).
Reaffirmation of a previous conclusion: Class I and Class II data in the anesthesiology and the neurology literature show that smaller needle size is associated with reduced frequency of PLPHA (Type A).

2 comments:

kanishks grank said...

Nice blog Thanks for sharing.
Atraumatic Needles

albina N muro said...

Helps relieve migraines and tension headaches via hot/cold gel packs; Starts working ... Put an end to headache pain naturally and without medication. http://www.learnaboutmigraineheadaches.com

Publish your article in iMedPub Journals

Publish your article in iMedPub Journals
The fastest growing medical publishing house